Axial Back Pain: Discover Strategies to Minimize and Manage

Axial Back Pain Discover Strategies to Minimize and Manage

Dealing with axial back pain can be a challenging and often exhausting experience. This type of pain generally begins in the axial skeleton, which includes the spine, ribs, and skull. It can impact your daily activities and overall quality of life to a great extent. In this blog, we will go through practical strategies to minimize and manage axial back pain, which will help you regain control and enjoy a more pain-free life.

Understanding Axial Back Pain

Axial back pain refers to discomfort or pain originating from the central spine, including the bones, muscles, and ligaments. Unlike radiating pain that extends down the arms or legs, axial back pain is localized and typically felt in the lower or upper back. This type of pain can range from dull and achy to sharp and intense, affecting one’s ability to perform daily tasks with ease.

Common Causes Of Axial Back PainCommon Causes of Axial Back Pain

Axial back pain can stem from various factors. Understanding these common causes can help you identify potential triggers and take steps to prevent or manage this discomfort. Here are some reasons for axial back pain:

  • Muscle Strain:  Engaging in activities that require repetitive motions or heavy lifting without proper form can lead to muscle strain and overexertion. These factors not only cause immediate discomfort but also contribute to chronic axial back pain if left untreated.
  • Poor Posture: Prolonged periods of slouching or hunching over can strain the muscles and ligaments in the back, and add to the pain.
  • Degenerative Disc Disease: As we age, the intervertebral discs that support the vertebrae naturally undergo wear and tear. This degeneration can lead to reduced disc height and increased pressure on surrounding structures, leading to axial back pain.
  • Herniated Disc: A herniated disc occurs when the soft inner material of a disc sticks out through its outer layer. This can irritate nearby nerves and cause localized axial pain. This could also lead to radiating pain if the herniation compresses nerve roots.
  • Spinal Stenosis: This condition basically involves the narrowing of the spinal canal, which squeezes the spinal cord and leads to pain.
  • Repetitive Movements: Engaging in repetitive activities or motions, such as bending or twisting, can strain the back muscles and cause chronic pain.

Can Lifestyle Factors Cause Axial Back Pain?Common Causes of Axial Back Pain

Several lifestyle factors can contribute to or alleviate axial back pain. However, being mindful of these factors and making positive changes can play a crucial role in preventing and managing this type of discomfort. Here are some important lifestyle factors to consider:

Physical Activity

Regular exercise and movement help keep the muscles supporting your spine strong and flexible. Lack of physical activity can lead to weakened muscles and increased vulnerability to axial back pain.


Maintaining a good posture while sitting, standing, and walking reduces strain on your spine. Poor posture, such as slouching, can contribute to axial pain over time.

Body Weight

Carrying excess weight puts additional stress on your spine and its supporting structures. That is why maintaining a healthy weight can help alleviate axial back pain.


Proper ergonomics at work, home, and during activities can minimize strain on your back. Using ergonomic furniture and equipment, like supportive chairs and mattresses, can make a difference.


Smoking reduces blood flow to spinal tissues, potentially hindering their ability to heal. Quitting smoking can contribute to better spine health and reduced risk of axial pain.

Stress Management

High-stress levels can lead to muscle tension, including in the back. Practicing stress-reduction techniques like meditation, deep breathing, and mindfulness can help prevent or alleviate axial back pain.

Sleep Quality

A supportive mattress and comfortable sleeping positions are very crucial for spinal health. Poor sleep can contribute to muscle stiffness and discomfort.


Eating a balanced diet rich in nutrients, especially those that support bone health, can contribute to a strong spine and reduce the risk of axial back pain.


Staying hydrated supports the function of spinal discs and joints. Drinking enough water helps maintain their elasticity and cushioning properties.

Injury Prevention

Taking precautions to prevent injuries during physical activities or daily tasks can significantly reduce the risk of axial back pain.

Minimizing and Managing Axial Back Pain Minimizing Axial Back Pain

By making thoughtful adjustments to your daily routine and habits, you can minimize the risk of experiencing this type of discomfort. Here are practical strategies to help you maintain a healthier spine and prevent axial back pain:

  • Maintaining Proper Posture: Practicing good posture is crucial for reducing axial back pain. Make a conscious effort to sit and stand with your spine aligned, shoulders relaxed, and your head held high. Consider using ergonomic chairs and pillows to support your back while working or resting.
  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can strengthen the muscles that support the spine and improve overall flexibility. Low-impact exercises such as swimming, yoga, and brisk walking can be particularly beneficial.
  • Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy weight can alleviate stress on the spine and reduce the risk of developing back pain. A balanced diet and regular exercise can help you achieve and sustain a healthy weight.
  • Comfortable Footwear: Wear supportive shoes that provide proper arch and heel support to maintain healthy posture and spinal alignment.

Here are some key steps to help you manage axial back pain:

Hot and Cold Therapy: Applying heat or cold packs to the affected area can provide relief from both pain and inflammation. Cold therapy can help numb the area and reduce swelling, while heat therapy promotes blood flow and relaxation.

Medication and Topical Treatments: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can temporarily alleviate axial back pain. Additionally, topical treatments like creams or patches containing menthol or capsaicin can provide localized relief.

Physical Therapy: A qualified physical therapist can create a tailored exercise regimen to target specific muscles and improve spinal stability. Physical therapy sessions may include stretches, strengthening exercises, and manual techniques.

Mind-Body Techniques: Practices such as meditation, deep breathing, and progressive muscle relaxation can help manage pain by promoting relaxation and reducing stress.

Exercises to Manage Axial Back PainExercises to Manage

Engaging in targeted exercises can be a valuable approach to managing and alleviating axial back pain. These exercises help strengthen the muscles supporting your spine, improve flexibility, and promote better posture.

Pelvic Tilt

  • Lie on your back with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor.
  • Tighten your abdominal muscles and gently push your lower back into the floor.
  • Hold for a few seconds, then release. Repeat 10-15 times.

Cat-Cow Stretch

  • Begin on your hands and knees, aligning your wrists under your shoulders and knees under your hips.
  • Inhale, arch your back and lift your tailbone (cow pose).
  • Exhale, round your spine, and tuck your chin to your chest (cat pose).
  • Alternate between the two poses for a few minutes.

Child’s Pose

  • Start on your hands and knees, then sit back on your heels.
  • Extend your arms in front of you and lower your forehead to the floor.
  • Hold for 20-30 seconds while breathing deeply.

Bridge Pose

  • Lie on your back with knees bent and feet hip-width apart.
  • Then, lift your hips towards the ceiling while keeping your feet and shoulders grounded.
  • Hold for a few seconds, then lower your hips. Repeat 10-15 times.

Knee-to-Chest Stretch

  • Lie on your back and bring one knee towards your chest, holding it with both hands.
  • Hold for 20-30 seconds, then switch legs.

Seated Spinal Twist

  • Sit on the floor with your legs extended.
  • Cross one leg over the other, placing your foot outside the opposite knee.
  • Twist your upper body towards the bent knee, using your opposite elbow against the knee for leverage. Hold for 20-30 seconds and switch sides.

Cobra Stretch

  • Lie on your stomach with your palms placed under your shoulders.
  • Then, press your palms into the floor and lift your upper body, arching your back gently.
  • Keep your hips and legs grounded. Hold for a few seconds and repeat.

Preventing Recurrence

By implementing preventive measures and making conscious choices, you can reduce the likelihood of experiencing future episodes of discomfort. Here’s how you can effectively prevent the recurrence of axial back pain:

Creating a Back-Friendly Environment: Make adjustments to your living and working spaces to prioritize back health. So, invest in ergonomic furniture, use lumbar support cushions, and create a comfortable environment that supports good posture.

Incorporating Movement into Your Day: Set reminders to move and stretch throughout the day, especially if you have a sedentary job. Therefore, taking short breaks to walk or stretch is important.

Stress Reduction and Its Impact on Back Pain: Chronic stress can exacerbate back pain. So, engage in stress-reducing activities such as yoga, and meditation, or spend time in nature to promote relaxation and alleviate pain.

Seeking Professional Guidance: At last, if axial back pain becomes chronic or significantly interferes with daily life, consult a healthcare professional. They can provide a personalized treatment plan, which may include medications, therapies, or further diagnostic tests.


Axial back pain can significantly impact your daily life, but with the right strategies, it’s possible to minimize and manage the discomfort. But, by focusing on maintaining proper posture, engaging in regular exercise, and exploring various pain management techniques, it is possible to take control of your health and live more comfortably.

If you’re experiencing Back pain, physical therapy for back pain at PhysioMantra can help: Book an online physical therapy session.