Understanding Lower Head and Neck Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Relief

Understanding Lower Head and Neck Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Relief

Lower head and neck pain have surged dramatically in our digital age, where hours are spent hunched over computers, smartphones, and tablets. This discomfort isn’t just confined to those with desk jobs; individuals from various walks of life, regardless of age or profession, may experience it. Understanding the origins, symptoms, and potential remedies for lower head and neck pain is crucial for everyone looking to ensure the optimal health of their cervical spine. In this blog post, we’ll delve deep into this pain that has been a nemesis for many, offering insights and strategies for relief.

What Causes Lower Head And Neck Pain?

What Causes Lower Head And Neck Pain?Lower head and neck pain can arise from a multitude of factors, ranging from poor posture to underlying medical conditions. Here’s a detailed look at some common causes:

1. Poor Posture

One of the most common causes of lower head and neck pain in the modern world is poor posture, especially from:

  • Hunching over computers or smartphones for prolonged periods.
  • Slouching in chairs.
  • Sleeping in positions that strain the neck.

2. Muscle Strain and Tension

Overuse or prolonged strain can cause muscles in the neck to become fatigued and sore. Common triggers include:

  • Holding your head in a forward or odd position for extended periods.
  • Grinding your teeth or clenching your jaw.
  • Performing repetitive neck motions, such as frequently looking down at a smartphone.

3. Injury

Accidents, such as car crashes or falls, can result in whiplash injuries where the head is suddenly jerked backward and then forwards, straining neck muscles and ligaments.

4. Degenerative Disc Disease

As we age, the intervertebral discs that act as cushions between our vertebrae can degenerate or herniate, leading to pain.

5. Osteoarthritis

This is a joint disorder where the protective cartilage wears down. Potentially leading to the formation of bone spurs that can impinge on nerve roots.

6. Cervical Radiculopathy

This is a pinched nerve, where inflammation or damage to a nerve root in the cervical spine can cause pain that radiates down the arm.

7. Cervical Spondylosis

An age-related condition that affects the joints and discs in your neck. It’s essentially the wear and tear of the vertebrae and discs in the cervical spine.

8. Infections

In rare cases, infections like meningitis can cause neck pain, and this is often accompanied by other symptoms like fever and headache.

9. Tension and Stress

Emotional stress and anxiety can lead to muscle tension in the neck, resulting in discomfort.

In many cases, a combination of factors may contribute to pain. If one experiences persistent or severe neck pain, it’s essential to see a healthcare professional to get a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Should I Worry About Pain In the Back Of My Head?

Pain in the back of the head, or occipital pain, can arise from various causes, ranging from benign, temporary issues to more serious conditions. Common sources include tension headaches, occipital neuralgia, cervicogenic headaches, or injuries. These can be the result of muscle tension, stress, nerve inflammation, or problems in the neck.

While occasional discomfort might not be a cause for immediate concern, it’s essential to monitor any accompanying symptoms. If the pain is sudden and severe, associated with neurological symptoms like dizziness or visual disturbances, follows an injury, or is accompanied by fever or neck stiffness, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly. Always consult a healthcare professional for persistent or worrisome symptoms.

How Do You Relieve Lower Head And Neck Pain?

How Do You Relieve Lower Head And Neck Pain?Lower head and neck pain can be disruptive. However, there are various strategies and treatments to help alleviate the discomfort. Here are some general methods and suggestions:

Posture Correction

Proper posture plays a pivotal role in the health and well-being of our neck and spine. To correct and maintain an appropriate posture:

  • Ensure that when sitting at a computer, the monitor is at eye level. This position minimizes the need to tilt or strain the head and neck. An ergonomically designed workstation can aid in maintaining this posture.
  • Make conscious efforts to hold smartphones and tablets at eye level to prevent continuously looking down, which strains the neck.
  • Invest in chairs with effective neck and lumbar support. An ergonomically designed chair can provide the requisite support to the cervical spine, reducing the chances of pain.

Stretching and Physical Therapy

Engaging in regular neck exercises and stretches can make a substantial difference in preventing and managing lower head and neck pain. These exercises aim to strengthen neck muscles, improve overall flexibility, and alleviate muscle tension.

  • Gentle exercises, such as tilting the head from side to side or rotating the neck, can help in increasing mobility and reducing stiffness.
  • A physical therapist is trained to provide tailored exercises based on individual needs. They can guide patients through movements that target specific areas of discomfort and offer techniques to avoid future pain.

Heat and Cold Applications

The therapeutic use of heat and cold can be highly effective for managing pain and inflammation in the neck region.

  • Applying heat, through methods such as a warm towel or a heating pad, can relax tightened muscles and promote blood flow to the affected area. This often brings a sense of relief and soothes muscle tension.
  • Cold packs, on the other hand, can play a vital role in reducing inflammation. The cold numbs the area, providing pain relief, especially after any form of acute injury.


Massage therapy has been recognized for its therapeutic benefits for various bodily aches, including those in the neck. A professional massage therapist can:

  • Target specific muscle groups, relaxing and lengthening them to alleviate tension and pain.
  • Improve blood circulation in the affected area, promoting healing and reducing inflammation.
  • Release endorphins, the body’s natural painkillers, which can help diminish pain perception.

Over-the-counter (OTC) Pain Relievers

Non-prescription medications have become a staple in many households to manage mild to moderate pain. When it comes to neck discomfort:

  • Acetaminophen (like Tylenol) can be effective for pain relief. It acts centrally in the brain to reduce pain perception.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen not only address pain but also combat inflammation, often a contributing factor to neck pain.
  • While OTC drugs can provide relief, it’s essential to use them as directed and ensure there are no medical contraindications or potential interactions with other medications being taken.


Our bodies often communicate the need for respite through pain or discomfort. For the neck, which bears the weight of the head and facilitates its movement, periods of rest can be crucial for healing.

  • Limiting Activities: Especially after a sudden onset of pain, it’s wise to avoid strenuous activities or heavy lifting that could exacerbate the issue.
  • Short Breaks: If your profession or daily routine involves prolonged sitting or standing, take short breaks to change position, stretch, and relax the neck muscles.
  • Recovery Time: Sometimes, the best remedy after a minor neck strain is simply to allow the body time to heal, avoiding further stressors.

Ergonomic Adjustments

As our lives increasingly revolve around digital devices and desk jobs, the setup of our workspace directly impacts our musculoskeletal health.

  • Workstation Setup: Ensure your workstation supports a neutral spine position. The computer monitor should be at eye level, keyboard and mouse within comfortable reach, and feet flat on the floor.
  • Chair Support: Invest in an ergonomic chair that offers neck and lumbar support, helping maintain the natural curve of the spine.
  • Routine Breaks: Make it a habit to take breaks every hour. Even if it’s just a short walk around the room or a few stretching exercises.

Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques

Mindfulness and Relaxation TechniquesThe connection between the mind and body is profound. Stress, anxiety, and tension can manifest physically in the neck muscles, leading to pain.

  • Deep Breathing: Focused, deep breathing can reduce muscle tension and stress. By taking slow, deliberate breaths, you can trigger a relaxation response in the body.
  • Meditation: Regular meditation practices, even if for just a few minutes a day, can help in managing pain and reducing stress levels.
  • Progressive Muscle Relaxation: This technique involves tensing and then relaxing different muscle groups, promoting awareness of physical sensations and relaxation.

Sleeping Position

How we sleep directly impacts our neck’s health, given we spend approximately a third of our lives in slumber.

  • Pillow Position: Use a supportive pillow that aligns with the natural curve of your neck. Too high or too flat pillows can strain neck muscles.
  • Sleeping Posture: Ideally, try sleeping on your back or side. Stomach sleeping can twist the neck and spine, leading to discomfort.
  • Mattress Support: A quality mattress that provides support to the entire body can also play a role in preventing neck pain.

Each of these points emphasizes the importance of holistic care. Addressing not just the symptoms but also the underlying causes and contributing factors can lead to more effective relief and prevention. Always collaborate with healthcare professionals when seeking solutions.


In addressing lower head and neck pain, a comprehensive approach that encompasses posture, therapeutic interventions, lifestyle adjustments, and professional consultations proves most effective. As our daily routines become increasingly sedentary and digitally oriented, understanding and implementing strategies for neck health is paramount. By adopting the outlined measures, one can not only alleviate current discomfort but also fortify the neck against potential future strains.

Remember, while individual tactics are beneficial, it’s the holistic integration of these methods, coupled with regular medical advice, that promises the best outcomes for a pain-free life. Hence, if you’re experiencing Neck pain, physical therapy for neck pain at PhysioMantra can help: Book an online physical therapy session.